German Abolitionists in the Civil Warwill be the subject of a talk at the Hermann Branch of the Scenic Regional Library on Monday, March 20 at 6:30 p.m. at 601 Market Street in Hermann. Author and Executive Director of the Missouri Germans Consortium Dorris
Keeven-Franke will share the lives of the Muench family who emigrated to Missouri in 1834. She will portray Pauline Muench Busch, who emigrated to Missouri as a 6 year old girl and member of the Giessen Emigration Society. The story is shared in their own words, diaries, journals and photos, and explains life for Germans leading up to the Civil War and their relationship with the issue of slavery. Pauline Muench, married Gordian Busch who lived near Washington, Missouri and raised fourteen children tells her story of what it was like to be a mother and a wife during the war.
Her younger brother is Berthold Muench, who joined Sigel’s Regiment; and who was present at the attack on Camp Jackson and the Battle at Wilson’s Creek. She is the oldest daughter of writer “Far West” Friedrich Muench who lived at Dutzow and served in Missouri’s State Senate during the war. He was a close friend of Hermann’s Eduard Muehl and often wrote for Hermann’s newspaper the Licht freund before it closed. A radical he pushed hard for the education of the former slaves following the war, with his friend Arnold Krekel.
Arnold Krekel, was born in Germany in 1815, served as President of Missouri’s Constitutional Convention when slavery was abolished on January 11, 1865. He emigrated with his family to Dutzow, Missouri in November of 1832. The young man moved to St. Charles and attended the St. Charles College where he studied law. He worked as a surveyor and became a Justice of the Peace as well. In 1844 he graduated the bar and opened his law office. Krekel became the St. Charles County and city attorney from 1846 to 1850. He was elected to the Missouri House of Representatives in 1852. Krekel was editor of the St. Charles German newspaper, Der Demokrat from 1850 until 1864, and when the Civil War began, Krekel served in the Union Army, as Colonel of a regiment of Missouri volunteers.
When the Civil War began, Missouri’s plans for gradual emancipation infuriated the Radical Republicans, who wanted slavery abolished immediately. They took their grievances to Lincoln, who refused to take sides in Missouri’s politics, which infuriated them even more. Provisional Governor Gamble offered to resign, but the First Constitutional Convention would not accept it. Gamble died in office on 31 January 1864. Missouri’s radicals arranged for elections and for a new Constitutional Convention in November 1864, where they elected Thomas C. Fletcher Missouri governor.
Constitutional Convention of 1865
Arnold Krekel, a Democrat, was elected President of the new Constitutional Convention that met in the Mercantile Library in St. Louis on January 6, 1865. On January 11, 1865 the convention, by a 60 to 4 vote, abolished slavery in the state with no compensation for slave owners. A month later the convention also adopted the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution to abolish slavery throughout the U.S..
On March 6, 1865, Krekel was nominated by President Lincoln to the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, and confirmed on March 9, 1865. Krekel later taught law at the University of Missouri Law School in Columbia from 1872 to 1875, and continued to as a Judge for the Court until his retirement on June 9, 1888.
Opening next month – German Immigrant Abolitionists: Fighting for a Free Missouri
Happy New Year! 2015 was quite a year and it looks like 2016 will be even more fantastic!
The custom of Karneval dates back to 17th Century Germany, coming from the Latin term carne levare (no meat) and is association with the season of Lent. Also called “The Fifth Season” in Germany, it begins on the 11th
minute past the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month and ends with a bang on Ash Wednesday. Like Mardi Gras, Karneval is one last chance for fun! Complete with parades, parties and balls, the fun begins when the Festkomitee des Karnevals meets. There is a selection of the Dreigestirn – the three symbolic figures of Karneval – a prince, a peasant and a virgin (always played by a man!) Little happens just then, as Advent begins soon after, and then Christmas, which doesn’t end until January 6th. Fasching, in Munich and Bavaria, has similar customs, with a crowning of the Fasching prince and princess (das Faschingsprinzenpaar) in mid-January. The Mayor and the Dreigestirn kick off the events then.
The carnival Reitercorps der Ranzengarden wear colorful, stylized copies of historic Prussian and Austrian uniforms. In the north and in the Rhineland Karneval is noted for its political and social parody with elaborate pokes at kings and politicians. Fasching and Fastnacht has emphasis on traditional masks and dressing up as devils, fools and wild beasts. As the entire event precedes Lent, vast amounts of food and drink are consumed! Its a lot of German fun!
St. Louis Stuttgart Winterball Karneval
In Germany, one of the best-known carnivals takes place in Köln. (Cologne). In Missouri, the best Karneval is held by the St. Louis- Stuttgart Sister City Association (founded in 1960) which will host its’ 29th Annual Winterball Karneval this coming year on Saturday, January 30 at the Clayton Plaza Hotel, 7750 Carondelet Avenue. Special Guests will be S.T. Prinz Michael II & I.L. Prinzessin Anita Iof the Germania Society of Cincinnati Ohio and S. T. Prinz John Leo I & I.L. Prinzessin Marie I of the Germania Club of Kansas City. For more information see stl4stuttgart .com where tickets can be purchased or you can call 636-221-1524.
Mark your Calendars…Coming up Soon!
German Immigrant Abolitionists: Fighting for a Free Missouri
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